30 | Matthew James Weigel | It Was Treaty / It Was Me

It Was Treaty / It Was Me
Vallum Chapbook Series No. 30
Winner of the 2020 Vallum Chapbook Award
Matthew James Weigel

2021 bpNichol Chapbook Award Winner

It Was Treaty / It Was Me  feels almost like a collage. Drawing on government records, archival images and his own family history, Matthew James Weigel blends prose and poetry to look how John A. Macdonald and his government used treaties to dispossess Indigenous peoples of their lands. Weigel juxtaposes the machinations of the Canadian government with other versions of the story; official history bumps up against memories recorded in the body, exposing corruption and violence. “I wake up at 6am to a weight on my chest. / I massage it until it says the word treaty,” Weigel writes. This body memory is inextricable from land and water. “Did you know that when you wrote this down the river would remember it?”

In recounting these histories, Weigel re-situates them. Under a picture of Queen Victoria’s throne, he writes: “I have acquired and used this photograph without permission. It has been digitally altered to suit my needs.” Another photo, though, remains beyond his grasp – an image of his family, held at the archives of the University of Alberta. These are not just questions of what happened, but who gets to tell the story of a past that bleeds into present. Sometimes, the most important act is to bear witness. “Dreamt I was a river again,” Weigel writes in the final poem, “2020: witness (continued).” “A thread of a glacier unwinding itself in slow motion, / slow enough to dip hands in and drink.”


Author’s Bio

Matthew James Weigel (he/him) is a Dene and Métis poet and artist pursuing an MA in English at the University of Alberta. His words and art have been published by people like Book*Hug and The Mamawi Project, while his first self-published chapbook “…whether they took treaty or not, they were subject to the laws of the Dominion” is held in Bruce Peel Special Collections.



Table of contents

1870 Rupert’s Land Transfer
1871 Treaty No. 1
1871 Treaty No. 2
1873 Treaty No. 3
1874 Treaty No. 4
1875 Treaty No. 5
1876 Treaty No. 6
1877 Treaty No. 7
1899 Treaty No. 8
1905 Treaty No. 9
1906 Treaty No. 10
1921 Treaty No. 11

23 pages total

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